Common Drugs, including Benadryl and Xanax, cause Brain Atrophy and increase the Risk of Alzheimers and Dementia

Just say no to Big Pharma wierd drugs!

Cannabis an a little bita clean opiates w/out additives does da twick fer me …well, dats me! is wat it is!.

livin in dis’ werld of pain an pharma- cology…

Q

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A group of common drugs used to treat allergies and other chronic health issues increase the risk of Alzheimers and dementia, according to a new study by the University of Indiana School of Medicine. The study also found that these drugs reduce the overall size of the brain as well as its metabolism if taken regularly. The drugs, known collectively as anticholinergics, are commonly prescribed for allergies, insomnia, hypertension, cardiac problems, and depression among others. Some of the most well-known brands in the US include Xanax, Zyrtec, Valium, Wellbutrin, Benadryl, Dramamine, Paxil, and Histex. You can see a comprehensive list of anticholinergic drugs implicated in this study by clicking here.

This class of drugs blocks acetylcholine in the brain, an important neurotransmitter vital to normal brain function. In people with Alzheimers, there is always a lack of this neurotransmitter and, according to this study and others, these drugs worsen the condition or can provoke it. However, this study is not the first to find problems with anticholinergic drugs. A study in 2013 found that people who take these types of drugs showed a significant reduction in cognitive ability. Their risk of contracting Alzheimers also increased by more than 60%.

This new study from the University of Indiana was the first to investigate the direct impact of these drugs on the human brain. 451 adults between 70 and 75 years old participated in the study and were all given MRIs in order to see the changes in the brain over time. They were also all given different tests of memory and cognition. The group that took these drugs for 2.5 years showed a significant decrease in brain size compared to their condition before the study began. A decrease in brain size and a reduction in brain metabolism became evident after only 2 months of regular use. They also received worse scores on the tests compared to the people who did not take anticholinergic drugs over the course of the study.https://cm.g.doubleclick.net/push?client=ca-pub-1062972861553303

Yet, the problem with these studies is that they only focus on the elderly.

Many of these drugs are approved for the use of children and teenagers, whose brains are still developing. A lack of Acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter blocked by these drugs, can cause mood swings, attention deficit, and memory problems in children. It’s very possible that the widespread use of these drugs could be to blame for increases in the diagnoses of ADD and similar disorders in children. Could these drugs also be shrinking their brains and causing permanent damage? What other effects could these drugs have on a developing brain? Unfortunately, no one knows as no studies currently exist. However, these studies have definitively shown that these drugs damage the human brain and should be removed from the market or, at the very least, come with warnings on the box. If you or someone you know is taking any type of anticholinergic drug, you should consider talking with your doctor or naturopath and looking for an alternative that won’t shrink your brain.

Source: Common Drugs, including Benadryl and Xanax, cause Brain Atrophy and increase the Risk of Alzheimers and Dementia

http://www.trueactivist.com

Sept 14, 2016
funnyorgans

Ur Funny One 🙂 fer da’ day frum Q since dat’ article wasn’t dat’ funny!

…Reminder: Knowledge is Power! well, 2 some degree anyhew 🙂 adios frum da’ Q for da’ Sunday afternoon…

…….Peace-out!…….

🙂

believe it er not

Chronically Speaking

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Jest Put a Label on it huh!

energydrinks

Well……..some things should have labels on them yep yep…an be labeled correctly!

But this article is about labels people put on each other etc etc

PEOPLE WHOM LABEL OTHERS!!!!!!!!!
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this is a sticky subjekt..but so very true bout society as a whole…
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LABELING; well, everything has to have a label…even the humans they know…….
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sumtimes i wunder what comes furst the labeling or the judgements? What i do know is i have been labeled an tossed into a catagory to be crapped on laters by some..is what it is 😦 their deal 😦 sad but true 😦
~
People whom only see the werst in others tend to label..negatively;
an people that see the best in everything an evryone well..they simply
DO NOT LABEL!
…So sticky as dust yes indeeD is labeling opf others….appears to be a new way of the werld these days?
oooh what are you suffere=ing frum? ..what label might i apply to u ?
says the psyche or da’ doc?
such as ptsd…or bipolar…or dual personality – or depressive – or manic – or too excitable ? er what not…disease is disease…whether mental or physical…because most mental manifestations become physical in the end.
believe it er not“….
So, truths are one thing but labels are another…which is correct an which is not is all dependent upon the label-er and or the perceiver…or the doc an the client or the friend an the foe? whatevr it might be…no matter what ..most minds automatically label others without knowing WTF bout anything cept what they think they see sense feel or hear or smell…when it might be totally different than their perceptions allow them to see truly in the end..they are jest a “VICTIM” of someones labeling…an in the end sumtimes these kinna people believe they are what they have been labeled…when that is not the fact at all….
So…physical diseases aside for a moment here….this post-it is bout how people are affected an even their lives changed by negative an or in proper labeling< of what the paradox or the initial problem was in the furst place that made that person the way they are now {newly diagnosed} with…or made so to believe in….
EWhat i do know is that if people believe strongly enuff they are a certain way well, then after a certain amount of time they become thata way…even if they are not thata way…sumtimes at a very young age a PSYCHE or doc that thinks he has it all figured out bout ur kids overactive mind …well, does not understand the reasons why er whatnot..but instead labels him!!! an feeds him drugs for that particular label…is truly crazy the more i watch it go on in our society as a whole!….over the years they feed this kid more drugs for different reasons to fix the “crazy” er whatnot…when fact of the matter is they are jest a multi dimensional all knowing child…with all awareness..if u know what i mean…
So, back to the label! ….an labeling evrything ..? what a trip society has become….where no one takes responsibility for anything anymore in the big corporate scapegoat scheme of things…where one can blame evrything even the labeling….They ought to jest put a Lid on IT! b-4 they have to cover all the labels with more labels…kinna like the practitioner of falsities…starts a lie an lies to protect that lie an on down the line 27 lies later the truth has totally been absorbed by the lie itself..whats really in it ? hmmm>lets see read da’ label! ….lol…..
So, what if u put a label on something that is not correct!? or somebody!? what can be done to correct that path once it has been taken? is my deal…since i recover frum many labels i even have put on myself over the years….
Announcement of who an what ya are with a label a big fat label starts the program out all fucked up to me, such as going to self help meetings an having to stand up an label themselves at the beginning of the meeting…such as things like hi my name is mike i am an alcoholic…or my name is mike i am a addict…or whatnot…
Hello i am such an such, an i am A???? whatver it is is not only what ya are but what ya will stay an become…to change that vision is an has been my quest for many a years! no matter what people label me as???????
SO LISTEN UP….FELLOW LABELERS! AN LABELEES? 🙂
chronic? yep well, we are all chronic to one extent or another an well we are all suffering frum the same plight in the end!!!!!!!!!!!
WE WILL ALL DIE OF THIS PHYSICAL BODY!
WHAT THEN WHO ARE U DO U KNOW DO U HAVE A CLUE?
*************
WHOOOOOO HOOOOOOOOO
*******
LIKE LIGHTNING IN THE BRAIN A NEW SPARK GOES OFF!
BETTER WATCH OUT OR THEY WILL CREATE A NEW LABEL WITH IT FOR YA!
A NEW ADDITION TO UR INGREDIENTS SO TO SPEAK LOL!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
OH NO WINDOWS OPEN ON CARS AN THUNDER HAIL AN LIGHTING IN A MIDST IT IS OUTSIDE AN EVEN IN THIS ONE MIND! LOL
so here,  hay! … “THINK 4 URSELF!” an oh yeah read da label nextime!

🙂

THE NEXT POST IT WILL BE BOUT 20 brutal facts an truths bout life….
put out in a different perspective…

take what ya want an leave the rest i guess!
Q

why

An They own the companies that do all of the FALSE MISLEADING LABELING


…………………..

Sureal indeed-did this ufo jest drop off a light being? or a time traveler? see4Urself

Q here Recieved this letter an Footage of a UFO Landing in a Desert possibly dropping off a passenger? a fellow lightarian? so to speak>? I did some research an this footage is a couple of years old.was filmed by 2 different cameras with the same result!.but jest now getting seen. well, maybe u have met one of these guys already an u jest don’t know it ?are they all over the werld? well u tell me?

lol…Black suits an 3d generated facial masks do come in handy in da’ end afterall huh…lol…watch an tell me what u think!

 

L’ Ufo è atterrato nel deserto: in Arabia Saudita, spettacolari immagini video !
Le immagini sono state trasmesse dal più grande giornale della Turchia !
L’Arabia Saudita avrebbe preso queste immagini sono immagini più seguite. La presunta immagine di un oggetto che scende la dove il presunto UFO in una persona e sembra prendere di nuovo alla nave.

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well have u ever heard of a walk in lol..lightshapeshifter? alien to maybe u an me?

here would be a place where u could use that analogy if i would have anything to say bout it..or do they call that the dropping off point..before they go find prey to walk into lol….an almost dead george bushsy er clinton er whatnot ? lol…ya in a werld where ya never know who is who.I could write a great fantasy book all round that as bein the subjekt..auctually in my 2 kewl fer skewl …not yet part of the catagorically speakin werld of Q where speeling’ ain’t purfeKt an aint aint no werd either…but well most of the idea are close lol

🙂   🙂

i’ll jest stay at home an see see what kinna conversations we can have next time they pop around here..an believe me they know our territory well.I would welcome one of these guys anytime to come have a friendly conversation with me…i have already seen em on the fly bys many times…an more than one variety also..yes believe it er not…frum q once again 🙂  done a post it here a while back bout the “spectacular lights over pagosa”…can be found on u tube also an well  lol.. u tell me folks….If one of these guys comes knockin @ ur door will u let him in? an jest how far will u let him in lol? a have had em in my yard on on occasion an a few fly over an arounds is a trip..seeing em…also out of the corner of my eye flying my ultralight a couple of times i have seen these things flash by in the brdaytime is a trip….i think they saw me i say hehe? wow…..this one is for u that follow the “believe it er not” thread 🙂 lol…believe it er not 🙂 ..believe it er not

~~

Just How Many Garbage Patches are There in Our Oceans? See for Yourself

Just How Many Garbage Patches are There in Our Oceans?
~ world-earth-pollution ~

jest another “not so happy” post-it bout da’ reality of our werld in da’ 21st century…

what lies under - ferdi-rizkiyanto.blogspot.com.au.

By Christina Sarich, Natural Society, August 25, 2015

Our oceans not only provide ample food for us when they are in peak condition, but they sustain life on this planet. In a visual representation experiment of the garbage patches around the world’s oceans, we can see just how seriously we’ve affected our oceans through Big Ag practices, littering, corporate disregard, and additional environmentally unfriendly practices which affect Mother Nature’s ‘womb.’

Some are already aware that there is a garbage patch off the coast of California that is thought to be roughly the size of a small state. Called the Great Garbage Patch, it spans from the US West Coast all the way to Japan. There are two other areas in the world that have been collecting enough debris to be given a garbage patch signification of their own though, in both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Visualizing the Mess

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These massive rubbish graveyards are hard to visualize, but Greg Shirah and Horace Mitchell have published their garbage patch visualization experiment results online this month from the NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio.

Data collected from NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which details information from floating, scientific buoys distributed across the oceans for the last 35 years, are depicted in pictures and video. You can see first-hand how all the trash ends up in 5 gyres, the so-called ocean garbage patches.

Read: How Plastic from the Oceans Moves up the Food Chain

Despite legislation in the US enacted in 1972 known as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act), corporations have ‘soiled their own beds’ with massive amounts of waste.

The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) was legislate at the federal-level in 1972 and amended in 1988 by the Ocean Dumping Ban Act.

MPRSA was enacted to prevent dischargers from evading the Clean Water Act by dumping wastes in the ocean as an alternative to land-based sites. Two are its main purposes: regulate the intentional disposal of materials in marine waters, for which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are responsible; and to promote related researches, under the supervision of the EPA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOOA).

Even with these regulatory bans, corporations are often only given a slap on the hand, and no criminal charges are ever brought to the forefront for offenders.

The MSRA states that it is illegal to dump anything:

“. . .including, but not limited to dredged material;

solid waste; incinerator residue; garbage; sewage; sewage sludge; munitions; radiological, chemical and biological warfare agents; radioactive materials; chemicals; biological and laboratory waste; wreck or discarded equipment; rocks; sand; excavation debris; and industrial, municipal, agricultural, and other waste…” (EPA) Any private person, employee, agent, department, agency, or instrumentality of the Federal Government, of any State or local unit of government, or of any foreign government must comply or pay an administrative civil penalty up to $50,000 for noncompliance and up to $125,000 for dumping of medical wastes with additional criminal penalties.”

You can see how these penalty amounts are little more than a pretext for lawmakers who want to win an election or gain political influence, and have no real influence over the actual behavior of those who are polluting our oceans the most.

Read: Shoe-Makers Makes Shoes from Ocean Waste

Other countries have their own laws to ‘discourage’ ocean dumping, but India, China, and the US, among many other nations, don’t seem to understand the gravity of the growing garbage patches. Every year, between 5 and 13 million more tons of plastics wind up in the world’s oceans and a whopping 80% of that waste pours in from just 20 countries.

The US Department of Defense is arguably the absolute worst when it comes to defiling the oceans, and rivers, and thus, we can see why no hardball legislation is passed to protect this precious earthly commodity.
Where Does All This Trash Come From?

Perhaps unsurprising is the fact that along with polluting our air and soil, companies like DuPont, Dow, Syngenta, Pfizer (an offshoot of Monsanto), Monsanto, and Bayer are on the same list as companies like BP and Exxon Mobile (known for massive oil spills) for polluting our air and likely oceans.

Massive amounts of plastic, including microscopic bits and pieces that end up living inside marine animals and runoff (including pesticides, herbicides, and non-organic fertilizers) are some of the worst offenders when it comes to fouling the great blue waters.

Additionally, pharmaceutical waste is flushed into our municipal water supplies, which is then often dumped in the ocean. NOAA states:

“Recent studies have confirmed the presence of low levels of pharmaceuticals in estuaries, rivers, streams, and ground water as well as in sediments. The ecological effects of these contaminants in coastal waters are largely unknown. However, there is growing evidence that some of these chemicals may have negative effects on reproduction in aquatic species or stimulate the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria.”

You might not be able to see how this run off affects tiny creatures, but more than one-third of the shellfish-growing waters of the United States are adversely affected by coastal pollution – much of it coming from industrial agricultural practices.

Not only are these companies destroying life on land, killing off bees, monarchs, and other pollinators, they are ravaging life in the water.

If you really want to ‘get it’ – how truly harmful the behavior of these corporations is to our oceans, the pictures and video provided by the visualization experiment help tremendously. You can see the experiment above.

So, waz another not so happy post-it frum Q’s werld…well is what it is wit da’ werl being da’ way it is now huh! Gotta take some bad ever now an again..so maybe it will help it all turn gewd? ..er not? Either way it mattered to me!

have a splendidly kewl week either way anyone dat got this far! take care

quantum_quark

World News gewd bad er indifferent ..Brought 2 u by da’ Quantum Quarked OnE!

…Q…

 

Jest one more “believe it er not” post-it frum Quarksire

BELIEVE IT ER NOT!

healing
Important encounters are planned by the souls long before the bodies see each other
In ur mind frum ur mind before ur brain had knowledge ur mind had the knowledge of all, all one had to do was listen to the right side of the mind forgive the bad side an go on wit life..focusing on love is the strongest agent in our lives yes indeed, as we grow into reason an knowledge frum the past experiences we were challenged to be here to now learn! yes believe it er not!

believe it er not! You chose your parents, your family and those you would interact with during this lifetime , as crazy as that sounds!—but you needed those who would project or mirror to you the positive attributes you needed to integrate, and also the many negative traits you needed to overcome. All of the Souls in your life are a part of the grand drama you have chosen to experience here in this lifetime of existence! —each one in ur movie of life has agreed to play a part in what u script!, which would, hopefully, be mutually beneficial.Yes, thoughtz are things – believe it er not! Now, Ask yourself what positive traits your parents, your family, your mate and children have projected onto you—then think about the negative traits they have displayed also? even the “crazy” Illogical abusive thingz etc etc… within them are the lessons you set up for yourself to experience, and hopefully an possibly? to benefit from at da’ Soul level. the main ?question here then? is? Have you learned your lessons well? Are you displaying more of the positive traits or more of the negative traits that others mirror to you? Consider the tests and challenges as an opportunity to, once and for all, GROW!

1-29-20141
The ultimate goal is to transmute all of the imbalances which are keeping you from stepping through the gateway into your new Fifth-Dimensional reality. To move beyond only the 3d but into a new dimensional kinna experience where all the thoughts u hear, frum ur mind with training {hopefully mostly positive} are fer real an none of the thoughtz are delusional! any more. but when u hear “the voices” they are really coming frum within to share an show the truth bout what is, instead of what could be if u only feared?..see so however ya lewk at things does make a difference the way i see it.Change the way ya see the werld an the werld changes – believe it er not! ..Once this is realized that it is a learnt experience to not ever experience the “BAD” things anymore but only the good as much as possible.an if one truly does seek love an compassion it wil find them an if they follow the lead of those thoughts then they will in the end FIND IT! whatevr it is…Life the way it waz meant to be for them, each an evry one a particularly unique but beautiful learning experience, as long as they stay on the love side of nature…not loving the bad things or fearing them either! but instead disregarding the bad dramatic crazy things as simply lessons frum the past an nothing to be feared upon. Once again NO FEAR …stay with the MIND an the MIND will stay with U whatevr ya pay heed to IN UR MIND! will be da’ focus of ur projection an experience also.

fly
believe it er not!

you are here to experience & teach love, compassion an unbridled unconditional love, furst by loving yourself unconditionally. There are many of your Soul mates incarnated on Earth at this time, both male and female. Many that go back before the time of this present incarnated birth. Many Soul families are being reunited as you move deeper into the more refined finely tuned realms of Light. The spectral quantum werld if i may…the werld of the subspace..where u come frum.. The best way to help evryone involved an those in your family, your friends or work associates, ur blog followers , group sessions encounters an so forth the goal 4 u is to be a shining example….So they themselves have to face the questions they have an the experiences they have gewd an er bad..your part of their play is share Ur experience strength an hope an to forgive them for thier crap an move on…an let them learn what they have to learn themselves..because even a mom er a dad can’t teach all.an evn a wife er husband if it get that bad….sum thingz jest got to be learnt on their own by experience frum the past good bad indifferent ugly or beautiful…any way it is a learning experience that they themselves have to go through..if it is crazy shit that they have to go through, stuff u already learnt years ago, sumtimes u have to leave em behind an move on so they are free to learn without ur interference..most the time like i have said before if ya don’t experience it it is harder to learn by someone elses experience jest telling ya what it is like,,,some things ya jest got to try so ya know how it feels so ya can help others that feel like u do in the future! if y know what i mean!

gift

ok over an out b 4 i get dragged out into a myriad of other topics jest by thinking bout our free choices an how an why we deal with them.past present an future….Simply said if we stay in the now of what we want to do then the future is covered an we don’t have to woory bout it.an the past well, the past is an becomes irrelevant cept for the learnt lessons gained by experiencing the thing we call life!…positive r negative

“believe it er not!”

….

invisi-2.jpg

end wit a quote not mine but so very true!

kinna like my booze waz to me

….

“It doesn’t take a lot of strength to hang on,

it takes a lot of strength to let go.”

~ J.C. Watts ~

Back 2 Life with Rife!

Dr.Royal Rife: Cancer-Cure Genius Silenced by Medical Mafia..

Image

“What if someone invented an electronic device that would destroy pathogens, bacteria, and even viruses with no toxic side effects? What if that same device could wipe out cancer by altering the cancer’s cellular environment or by killing cancer viruses with an electronic or ultra sonic beam? That was accomplished years ago. The researcher who invented and perfected this device had an odd name, Royal Raymond Rife. But his associates and colleagues knew him as Roy Rife.

How It Works (Basically)

 Imagine if minuscule pathogens had energy frequencies beyond the sonic range that, if induced, would cause the pathogen to implode or explode. This Rife called the Mortal Oscillatory Resonance or MOR. It is technology within the arena of energetic healing, but more in the western mode of challenging pathogens with technological machinery from outside. With a special microscope of his own making, Rife was able to observe and record the MOR of many pathogens.

 Instead of dealing with the vibrational field of the patient, or the patient’s chi energy, Rife used high frequency energies created by electronic machinery to alter both pathogens and their environments. The difference between Rife’s Ray Beam and common radiation therapy was that only those specific MOR frequencies of targeted microorganisms had negative responses. All other cells were left unharmed. This is the essence of Rife’s technology.

 Also included in his research was observing morphing pathogenic bacteria and viruses into different less destructive forms. He was among a growing number of microbiologists and researchers who had adopted Pleomorphism as an explanation of microorganism life. Pleomorphism posits that the life form of a pathogenic microbe alters, possibly many times.

 Rife also noticed corresponding changes in the tissue or blood environment of these morphing microorganisms. This led to the theory that the condition of the germs’ medium, i.e. the blood or tissue, was the cause of disease and not the germ. Rife did observe the pH changes in what is now called the field or terrain in the microorganism’s host environment as well as its association with bacterial/viral morphing.

 He considered that the field pH changes influenced the microorganisms morphing, causing them to become more pathogenic or more benign depending on the pH factor. This was the precursor to the field or terrain theory as a source of disease that many holistic healers now embrace over the germ theory. Rife was beginning to realize this in spite of being able to kill the germs of many diseases with his ray tube.”

..captions in espanol 🙂  an this video is 2 hours long..

Suppressed Cancer Cure – Royal Rife Documentary

the rise an fall of a scientific genius ..jest like tesla…whom could have changed the werld,,,,,,,,,but no.someone had to stop him.why????

.

Cure 4 Cancer Anyone

READ ON BELOW!
ur 20 pages away
from
KNOWING THE TRUTH
an imagine this
LESS THAN $500 BUCKS FOLKS!
Thousands only a few years ago
for the same tech
read the 20 links below

 

Bi-Polar People are yes Very Hard to LOVE & Live With Be Patient with them

THE END IS NEAR!
&
EVERYTHING WILL BE TURNED INSIDE OUT!
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beautiful-people
Impossible Worlds is sumtimes what it feels like having  bi-polar mates an friends…
Somehow my genetics an everything i attract them…over the years, lived with quite a few. Those whom know they are bi-polar an also those that do not know they are, it is a very weird dis-ease….an i believe it is totally curable! even if those whom have it don’t believe me or do have it an will not read me….theres always 2 sides 2 every story the way i see it.an is what i like bout bi-polars, they can also see both sides! .which side {love er fear} er {positive verses negative}is correct an how to deal with it is whats important to me.
EVERYTHING WILL BE TURNED INSIDE OUT! for the person whom might have it an agree with me that there is a way to correct the symptoms an even the causes in over an with a bit a time, for those whom do not know anything bout bi-polar ilness here is an some info that might help shed some light on what they term as bi-polar…I truly feel for the opnes out there that been told like me an others they might be suffering frum this disease, well it might jest be a simple case of the jimi disease! Manic Depression…an yes it is curable…i know many folks whom have corrected the problems an live a normal lifestyle in my book…others well, they don’t even have a clue they have the disease, an others have been diagnosed with it but ignore the gravity of the situation they are in and disobey docs orders ..etc etc..an do the program their own way or no way at all…an escape with alcohol, which only makes the problem werse, well it did for me, so is why i had to stop drinking years ago, so i would not have 2 distinct personalities, an also so i could do normal things like fly – ride my motorcycle an drive my car..although many folks i know with the disease, well, some simply do not wish to be cured, is sad cuz they are such beautiful ladies an guys inside, sad to see them in the viscous cycle of not being able to get a grip on the situation..others i am very proud of cuz they have a grip on life good, even if they don’t think so, an a very unique way at lewking at the werld, one gewd thing to me bout a good bi-polar that is aware is that they know the difference between right an wrong an always choose the mostest correct thing to do even if might be what their mind wants them to do.an they know the difference between love an fear ..an always choose love..over the anger an laugh off the anger…”believe it er not” …so..heres a bit of info on this disease…..correct me if i am wrong an add any input u might wish…I know what i can do is Pray for the ones i choose to love, whether or not they have bi-polar illness or not, the ones that do, well in time i hope they find their way to their own soul, learn to love themselves as much as i might an well, then it ‘ll be all good then……...
“Believe it er not!”

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  • Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  • Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  • Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  • Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.
  • Signs and Symptoms

    People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotion, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and unusual behaviors. These distinct periods are called “mood episodes.” Mood episodes are drastically different from the moods and behaviors that are typical for the person. Extreme changes in energy, activity, and sleep go along with mood episodes.

    People having a manic episode may: People having a depressive episode may:
    • Feel very “up,” “high,” or elated
    • Have a lot of energy
    • Have increased activity levels
    • Feel “jumpy” or “wired”
    • Have trouble sleeping
    • Become more active than usual
    • Talk really fast about a lot of different things
    • Be agitated, irritable, or “touchy”
    • Feel like their thoughts are going very fast
    • Think they can do a lot of things at once
    • Do risky things, like spend a lot of money or have reckless sex
    • Feel very sad, down, empty, or hopeless
    • Have very little energy
    • Have decreased activity levels
    • Have trouble sleeping, they may sleep too little or too much
    • Feel like they can’t enjoy anything
    • Feel worried and empty
    • Have trouble concentrating
    • Forget things a lot
    • Eat too much or too little
    • Feel tired or “slowed down”
    • Think about death or suicide
    Sometimes a mood episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive symptoms. This is called an episode with mixed features. People experiencing an episode with mixed features may feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, while at the same time feeling extremely energized.Bipolar disorder can be present even when mood swings are less extreme. For example, some people with bipolar disorder experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, an individual may feel very good, be highly productive, and function well. The person may not feel that anything is wrong, but family and friends may recognize the mood swings and/or changes in activity levels as possible bipolar disorder. Without proper treatment, people with hypomania may develop severe mania or depression.

    Diagnosis

    Proper diagnosis and treatment help people with bipolar disorder lead healthy and productive lives. Talking with a doctor or other licensed mental health professional is the first step for anyone who thinks he or she may have bipolar disorder. The doctor can complete a physical exam to rule out other conditions. If the problems are not caused by other illnesses, the doctor may conduct a mental health evaluation or provide a referral to a trained mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, who is experienced in diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder.

    Note for Health Care Providers: People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help when they are depressed than when experiencing mania or hypomania. Therefore, a careful medical history is needed to ensure that bipolar disorder is not mistakenly diagnosed as major depression. Unlike people with bipolar disorder, people who have depression only (also called unipolar depression) do not experience mania. They may, however, experience some manic symptoms at the same time, which is also known as major depressive disorder with mixed features.

    Bipolar Disorder and Other Illnesses

    Some bipolar disorder symptoms are similar to other illnesses, which can make it hard for a doctor to make a diagnosis. In addition, many people have bipolar disorder along with another illness such as anxiety disorder, substance abuse, or an eating disorder. People with bipolar disorder are also at higher risk for thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses.

    Psychosis: Sometimes, a person with severe episodes of mania or depression also has psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions. The psychotic symptoms tend to match the person’s extreme mood. For example:

    • Someone having psychotic symptoms during a manic episode may believe she is famous, has a lot of money, or has special powers.
    • Someone having psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode may believe he is ruined and penniless, or that he has committed a crime.

    As a result, people with bipolar disorder who also have psychotic symptoms are sometimes misdiagnosed with schizophrenia.

    Anxiety and ADHD: Anxiety disorders and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often diagnosed among people with bipolar disorder.

    Substance Abuse: People with bipolar disorder may also misuse alcohol or drugs, have relationship problems, or perform poorly in school or at work. Family, friends and people experiencing symptoms may not recognize these problems as signs of a major mental illness such as bipolar disorder.

    Risk Factors

    Scientists are studying the possible causes of bipolar disorder. Most agree that there is no single cause. Instead, it is likely that many factors contribute to the illness or increase risk.

    Brain Structure and Functioning: Some studies show how the brains of people with bipolar disorder may differ from the brains of healthy people or people with other mental disorders. Learning more about these differences, along with new information from genetic studies, helps scientists better understand bipolar disorder and predict which types of treatment will work most effectively.

    Genetics: Some research suggests that people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. But genes are not the only risk factor for bipolar disorder. Studies of identical twins have shown that even if one twin develops bipolar disorder, the other twin does not always develop the disorder, despite the fact that identical twins share all of the same genes.

    Family History: Bipolar disorder tends to run in families. Children with a parent or sibling who has bipolar disorder are much more likely to develop the illness, compared with children who do not have a family history of the disorder. However, it is important to note that most people with a family history of bipolar disorder will not develop the illness.

    Treatments and Therapies

    Treatment helps many people—even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder—gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms. An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy”). Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Episodes of mania and depression typically come back over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder are free of mood changes, but some people may have lingering symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms.

    Medications

    Different types of medications can help control symptoms of bipolar disorder. An individual may need to try several different medications before finding ones that work best.

    Medications generally used to treat bipolar disorder include:

    • Mood stabilizers
    • Atypical antipsychotics
    • Antidepressants

    Anyone taking a medication should:

    • Talk with a doctor or a pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of the medication
    • Report any concerns about side effects to a doctor right away. The doctor may need to change the dose or try a different medication.
    • Avoid stopping a medication without talking to a doctor first. Suddenly stopping a medication may lead to “rebound” or worsening of bipolar disorder symptoms. Other uncomfortable or potentially dangerous withdrawal effects are also possible.
    • Report serious side effects to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online at http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch  or by phone at 1-800-332-1088. Clients and doctors may send reports.

    For basic information about medications, visit the NIMH Mental Health Medications webpage. For the most up-to-date information on medications, side effects, and warnings, visit the FDA website .

    Psychotherapy

    When done in combination with medication, psychotherapy (also called “talk therapy”) can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder. It can provide support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Some psychotherapy treatments used to treat bipolar disorder include:

    • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
    • Family-focused therapy
    • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
    • Psychoeducation

    Visit the NIMH Psychotherapies webpage to learn about the various types of psychotherapies.

    Other Treatment Options

    Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): ECT can provide relief for people with severe bipolar disorder who have not been able to recover with other treatments. Sometimes ECT is used for bipolar symptoms when other medical conditions, including pregnancy, make taking medications too risky. ECT may cause some short-term side effects, including confusion, disorientation, and memory loss. People with bipolar disorder should discuss possible benefits and risks of ECT with a qualified health professional.

    Sleep Medications: People with bipolar disorder who have trouble sleeping usually find that treatment is helpful. However, if sleeplessness does not improve, a doctor may suggest a change in medications. If the problem continues, the doctor may prescribe sedatives or other sleep medications.

    Supplements: Not much research has been conducted on herbal or natural supplements and how they may affect bipolar disorder.

    It is important for a doctor to know about all prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and supplements a client is taking. Certain medications and supplements taken together may cause unwanted or dangerous effects.

    Keeping a Life Chart: Even with proper treatment, mood changes can occur. Treatment is more effective when a client and doctor work closely together and talk openly about concerns and choices. Keeping a life chart that records daily mood symptoms, treatments, sleep patterns, and life events can help clients and doctors track and treat bipolar disorder most effectively.

    Marijuana

    i personally find that people that have been struggling with or are possibly bi-polar an or has the symptoms..that well.pot seems to stabalize it an make one more normal than all the different drugs they give one for “THE CURE” seems to calm down all the symptoms..when they are forced by the system not to smoke pot,,,they are WAY WERSE OFF! JEST MY 2 CENTS WERTH BY LIVING WITH EM FOR SO MANY YEARS! 🙂

    MOST: SOURCES FOR THIS ARTICLE ARE FOUND BELOW!

    Finding Treatment

    • A family doctor is a good resource and can be the first stop in searching for help.
    • For general information on mental health and to find local treatment services, call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Referral Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357).
    • The SAMHSA website has a Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator  that can search for treatment information by address, city, or ZIP code.
    • Visit the NIMH’s Help for Mental Illnesses webpage for more information and resources.

    For Immediate Help

    If You Are in Crisis: Call the toll-free National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255), available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The service is available to anyone. All calls are confidential.

    If you are thinking about harming yourself or thinking about suicide:

    • Tell someone who can help right away
    • Call your licensed mental health professional if you are already working with one
    • Call your doctor
    • Go to the nearest hospital emergency department

    If a loved one is considering suicide:

    • Do not leave him or her alone
    • Try to get your loved one to seek immediate help from a doctor or the nearest hospital emergency room, or call 911
    • Remove access to firearms or other potential tools for suicide, including medications